Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton and jute. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nut, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom and wheat. During 2018-19, the state produced 324.67 thousand tonnes of fruits and 91.70 thousand tonnes of spices.

The capital of Meghalaya, Shillong, also known as the “rock capital of India”, has received visits from world famous rock bands. The economy of the state is driven by agricultural activities with the majority of the population depending on agriculture for their livelihoods. According to the DIPP (Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion), cumulative FDI inflows to the North-eastern states, during April 2000 to December 2018, stood at US$ 113 million.


  • Producer of one of the finest varieties of turmeric, the Lakadong turmeric
  • One of the highest producers of strawberry in India
  • Cherrapunji is the wettest region in the world
  • Shillong: 'Rock capital of India' has received visits from world famous rock bands

Agriculture and Horticulture

81% of the state's population depends on agriculture. Besides the major food crops of rice and maize, the state is also known for various horticulture crops and fruits. Meghalaya's turmeric, grown in Jaintia hills, is considered best in the world.


Mineral industry

Gifted with the rich natural resource base of coal, limestone, uranium and granite, the state offers immense investment opportunities in this sector.



The state is home to Nongkhnum Island, India's largest and Asia's second largest river island. There are two national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries in Meghalaya. This makes Meghalaya one of the most beautiful states in India.


Hydroelectric Power

Meghalaya has an installed hydroelectric power capacity of 387.2 MW as of January 2018 and the total potential for hydropower is estimated to be around 3,000 MW.



Data of Map

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