Arunachal Pradesh is a state located in the northeastern part of India. Known for its pristine beauty and lush green forests, the state is also known as the Land of the Rising Sun. The land is primarily mountainous, with the Himalayan ranges running north-south. The state is divided into five river valleys - the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit, and the Tirap. These river valleys have immense hydropower potential, currently estimated at 50,328 MW, or approximately 22% of India's current power generating capacity.
Arunachal Pradesh is home to India's most prominent and the world's second-largest monastery - Tawang monastery. Nearly 80% of the state's land is covered in evergreen forests. The state's diverse flora and wildlife include 601 orchid species and more than 500 medicinal plant species. Arunachal Pradesh shares an international boundary with Bhutan to the west (217 km), China to the north and northeast (1,080 km), and Myanmar to the east (approximately 8.4 million acres) (520 km).
Arunachal Pradesh's Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) is expected to reach Rs. 299.74 lakh crore (US$ 4.25 billion) in 2020-21 at current prices.
Major Agro, and forest-based industries in Arunachal Pradesh are tea, fruit, non-timber plywood, and cane. In addition, Mega Food Park is under consideration which will employ 4000 people under 30 food industries.
With the potential of 60,000 MW capacity, the hydropower project of Arunachal Pradesh is one of the largest. The upcoming hydropower projects in the state include Siang Basin (18,297 MW), Subansiri Basin (11,768.75 MW), and Dibang Basin (10,093 MW).
The 'North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme' has facilitated 24 sericulture projects for the holistic development of sericulture in the state. As a result, raw silk production in the state reached 59 metric tonnes in 2018-19 compared to 37 metric tonnes in 2015-16.
The state is regarded as an 'Orchid Paradise' accounting for 601 species of orchids. If the pandemic had not occurred, the state's total tourist arrivals in 2020 would have been 6.005 lakhs compared to 5.63 lakhs in 2019.
Andhra Pradesh, the 10th most populated state in India, is home to about 4.1% of the country's total population. The state's population of 49.4 mn is equivalent to the population of Spain.
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