The transport infrastructure sector is the fastest expanding component of the country's infrastructure sector. India has the one of largest road network across the world, spanning over a total of 5.5 million km. This road network transports 64.5% of all goods in the country and 90% of India’s total passenger traffic uses road network to commute. Road transportation has gradually increased over the years with the improvement in connectivity between cities, towns and villages in the country.
The Government of India (GoI) is planning to expand the national highway network to over 200,000 km. The Government launched the Bharatmala Pariyojana, which aims to build 66,100 km of economic corridors, border and coastal roads, and expressways to boost the highway network. It is envisaged that the programme will provide 4-lane connectivity to 550 districts, increase the vehicular speed by 20-25% and reduce the supply chain costs by 5-6%. The first phase of the programme will bring in $82 bn investments by 2022 for the development of 34,800 km of highways.
According to FDI policies for roads-highways sector, 100% FDI for roads and highways allowed under the automatic route.
$82 bn to be invested by 2022 under Bharatmala Pariyojana
Highest ever construction of 133 km per day of rural roads in 2016-17
National highways construction in India is targeted at 40 km a day in 2018-19
95% of the total share of this length is covered under District and Rural roads. State highways cover close to 3% of the road length while the remaining 2% comes under National Highways
The construction of highways reached 9,829 km during FY18 which was constructed at an average of 26.93 km per day.
Huge investments have been made in the sector with total investment increasing more than three times from Rs 51,914 crore (US$ 7.43 billion) in 2014-15 to Rs 158,839 crore (US$ 22.73 billion) in 2018-19.
The GoI has given a massive push to infrastructure by allocating about $100 bn for infrastructure in the Union Budget 2018-19
The government plans on investing $22.4 bn towards road framework in the North-East region of India during 2018-2020
The highways sector in India has been at the forefront of performance and innovation. The government has successfully rolled out over 60 projects worth over $10 bn based on the Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM)
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