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FDI In Railway Sectors

The Indian Railways is among the world's 4th largest rail networks, behind only the US, Russia, and China. The Indian rail network has a total track length of 123,542 kilometers, a route length of 67,415 kilometers, and around 7,300 stations. On a daily basis, the railways run about 13,523 passenger trains and 9,146 freight trains. Indian Railways carried 8.1 billion passengers in the fiscal year that ended in March 2020.

It employs around 1.3mn people. India's railway network is recognized as one of the largest railway systems in the world under single management.

FDI in the railway industry in India can drastically change the face of Indian Railways with an inflow of technology and capital. There is ample room for development in the country's railway system, and foreign investment can efficiently bridge the current scenario and technological advancement gap.

100% FDI in the railway industry in India is allowed under the automatic route.

  • 12 bn

    Annual Estimated Passengers in 2031

  • 8 mt

    Annual Estimated Freight Demand in 2031

  • 2024 mt

    Freight Loading by 2024

  • 16 Bn (USD)

    Revenue from freight traffic (2021)

  • 1

    4th largest railway system in the world

  • 2

    4th largest rail freight carrier in the world

  • 3

    Single largest employer in India and 8th largest in the world

  • In 2020-21, the Indian Railways saw a 3% growth in freight revenue and a 1.93 percent increase in the goods volume.
  • The Indian Railways has operated 450 Kisan Rail services since August 2020, transporting approximately 1.45 lakh tones of agricultural commodities and perishables.
  • In 2021-22, Indian Railways plans to spend the most money ever on capital projects, with a budget of $29.5 billion.
  • During 2020-21, railway electrification works on a total of 6,015 route kilometers were completed.
  • Two Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) have been fast-tracked, one on the Western route (Jawaharlal Nehru Port to Dadri) and the other on the Eastern route (Ludhiana to Dankuni).
  • Rising passenger & freight traffic

    Increasing urbanization, rising incomes (both rural and urban), growing industrialization across the country along with private sector participation
  • Increasing freight traffic

    Growing industrialization across the country
  • Dedicated freight corridor

    Six high-capacity, high-speed dedicated freight corridors
  • Mass Rapid Transit Systems (MRTS)

    MRTS is planned between Gurgaon and Bawal to provide direct connectivity to Manesar Bawal Investment Region (MBIR)
  • Diamond Quadrilateral network of high-speed rail

    Connecting major metros and growth centers of the country
  • May 21- Adani Railways Transport, the GMR Group, Arabian Construction Co, Anchorage Infrastructure, and Kalpataru Power Transmission are among the nine domestic and international companies that will be eligible for the New Delhi railway station reconstruction bids. They are expected to cost INR 6,500 crore.
  • March 21- The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has inked a loan agreement with the Indian government to provide financial assistance in the amount of INR.3717 crore (JPY 52036 million) Bengaluru Metro's second phase.
  • February 21- Before its issue opening for public bidding, RailTel Corporation of India Limited (RailTel) raised INR 243.99 crore from 14 anchor investors.
  • January 21- The National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) has awarded Alstom a EUR 106 million contract for the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System Corridor.

  • $1.22 bn FDI inflows (in USD) in railway components during April 2000 – June 2019.
  • 100 % Foreign Direct Investment In The Railway Sector is allowed under automatic route for operation and maintenance of suburban corridor projects through PPP, including a 100% FDI in Railways infrastructure.

Data of Map

Passenger Traffic


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