India has 12 major ports and 64 minor ports handling Export Import cargo strategically located on the world’s shipping routes. Around 70% of India's trading by value is done through maritime transport. The country’s major ports handled a combined traffic volume of 647.76 million tonnes during 2016-17, registering an annual growth rate of 6.80 per cent.

100% FDI in ports and shipping is allowed under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours

With a vision to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment Government has launched the Flagship programme for Indian maritime sector, namely Sagarmala programme.

Industry Scenario

Cargo traffic handled by India’s major ports increased 5.5% y-o-y to 113.6 mn tonnes (MT) during April-May 2017

118 maritime projects (USD 7.7 bn investment) have been approved in the last four years

Highest ever capacity addition of 100.4 MMTPA to major ports recorded in 2016-17


  • 1
    Cargo traffic doubled to 1 bn tonnes p.a. over the decade 2005 - 2015
  • 2
    16th largest maritime country in the world
  • 3
    Seaborne trade in India has grown at twice the global growth rate of 3.3%



1. May 2017 - DP World Pvt. Ltd,world’s fourth biggest container port operator, plans to invest over USD 1 bn in India, which will be used for augmenting its port-related operations. has received up to USD 220 mn in FDI in the last two years.

2. March 2016 - NCY Equity Growth and Niche Investments Holding Pvt Ltd have invested up to USD 441 mn in Indian company Sterling Port Ltd.

3. August 2015 - PSA International of Singapore started building the country’s largest container terminal at JNPT terminal. The project is valued at USD 1.2 bn and is going to be developed in two phases, each phase adding 2.4 mn TEUs (Twenty-foot equivalent unit). The first phase is targeted to be completed in 2018.

FDI Facts

1.6bn FDI inflows (in USD) during April 2000 - December 2017

7x Growth in FDI during 2014-17 vis-a-vis 2011-14

100% FDI allowed in port and harbor's construction and maintenance