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FDI Limits In Different Sectors In India 2020

    14 November , 2020         Fdiindia

FDI Limits In Different Sectors In India 2020

FDI limits in different sectors in India 2020

The FDI policy in India has witnessed tons of changes and alterations in the past few years. Further, FDI is also allowed to get into different routes, Automatic and the Government route. In the automatic route, the foreign entities are not require to obtain an approval before proceeding further. In the Government route, prior approval is mandatory.

Sector wise FDI Limits

 

Sector

FDI Limit

Entry Route & Remarks

Agriculture & Animal Husbandry
• Floriculture, Horticulture, Apiculture and Cultivation of Vegetables &      Mushrooms under controlled conditions
• Development and Production of seeds and planting material
• Animal Husbandry(including breeding of dogs), Pisciculture, Aquaculture
• Services related to agro and allied sectors

100%

Automatic

Plantation Sector
• Tea sector including tea plantations
• Coffee plantations
• Rubber plantations
• Cardamom plantations
• Palm oil tree plantations
• Olive oil tree plantations

100%

Automatic

Mining
Mining and Exploration of metal and non-metal ores including diamond, gold, silver and precious ores but excluding titanium bearing minerals and its ores

100%

Automatic

Mining (Coal & Lignite)

100%

Automatic

Mining
Mining and mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities

100%

Government

Petroleum & Natural Gas
Exploration activities of oil and natural gas fields, infrastructure related to marketing of petroleum products and natural gas, marketing of natural gas and petroleum products etc

100%

Automatic

Petroleum & Natural Gas
Petroleum refining by the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU), without any disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in the existing PSUs.

49%

Automatic

Defence Manufacturing

100%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% under Government route in cases resulting in access to modern technology in the country

Broadcasting
• Teleports(setting up of up-linking HUBs/Teleports)
• Direct to Home (DTH)
• Cable Networks (Multi System operators (MSOs) operating at National or State or District level and undertaking upgradation of networks towards digitalization and addressability
• Mobile TV
• Head end-in-the Sky Broadcasting Service(HITS)

100%

Automatic

Broadcasting
Cable Networks (Other MSOs not undertaking up gradation of networks towards digitalization and addressability and Local Cable Operators (LCOs))

100%

Automatic

Broadcasting Content Services
• Terrestrial Broadcasting FM(FM Radio)
• Up-linking of ‘News & Current Affairs’ TV Channels

49%

Government

Up-linking of Non-‘News & Current Affairs’ TV Channels/ Down-linking of TV Channels

100%

Automatic

Print Media
• Publishing of newspaper and periodicals dealing with news and current affairs
• Publication of Indian editions of foreign magazines dealing with news and current affairs

26%

Government

Publishing/printing of scientific and technical magazines/specialty journals/ periodicals, subject to compliance with the legal framework as applicable and guidelines issued in this regard from time to time by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

100%

Government

Publication of facsimile edition of foreign newspapers

100%

Government

Civil Aviation – Airports
Green Field Projects & Existing Projects

100%

Automatic

Civil Aviation – Air Transport Services
• Scheduled Air Transport Service/ Domestic Scheduled Passenger Airline
• Regional Air Transport Service

(Foreign Airlines are barred from Investing in Air India)

100%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% under Government route
100% Automatic for NRIs

Civil Aviation
• Non-Scheduled Air Transport Service
• Helicopter services/seaplane services requiring DGCA approval
• Ground Handling Services subject to sectoral regulations and security clearance
• Maintenance and Repair organizations; flying training institutes; and technical training institutions

100%

Automatic

Construction Development: Townships, Housing, Built-up Infrastructure

100%

Automatic

Industrial Parks (new & existing)

100%

Automatic

Satellites- establishment and operation, subject to the sectoral guidelines of Department of Space/ISRO

100%

Government

Private Security Agencies

74%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% & up to 74% under Government route

Telecom Services

100%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% under Government route

Cash & Carry Wholesale Trading

100%

Automatic

E-commerce activities (e-commerce entities would engage only in Business to Business (B2B) e-commerce and not in Business to Consumer (B2C) e-commerce.)

100%

Automatic

Single Brand retail trading
Local sourcing norms will be relaxed up to three years and a relaxed sourcing regime for another five years for entities undertaking Single Brand Retail Trading of products having ‘state-of-art’ and ‘cutting edge’ technology.

100%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% under Government route

Multi Brand Retail Trading

51%

Government

Duty Free Shops

100%

Automatic

Railway Infrastructure
Construction, operation and maintenance of the following
• Suburban corridor projects through PPP
• High speed train projects
• Dedicated freight lines
• Rolling stock including train sets, and locomotives/coaches manufacturing and maintenance facilities
• Railway Electrification
• Signaling systems
• Freight terminals
• Passenger terminals
• Infrastructure in industrial park pertaining to railway line/sidings including electrified railway lines and connectivities to main railway line
• Mass Rapid Transport Systems.

100%

Automatic

Asset Reconstruction Companies

100%

Automatic

Banking- Private Sector

74%

Automatic up to 49%
Above 49% & up to 74% under Government route

Banking- Public Sector

20%

Government

Credit Information Companies (CIC)

100%

Automatic

Infrastructure Company in the Securities Market

49%

Automatic

Insurance
• Insurance Company
• Insurance Brokers
• Third Party Administrators
• Surveyors and Loss Assessors
• Other Insurance Intermediaries

49%

Automatic

Pension Sector

49%

Automatic

Power Exchanges

49%

Automatic

White Label ATM Operations

100%

Automatic

Financial services activities regulated by RBI, SEBI, IRDA or any other regulator

100%

Automatic

Pharmaceuticals(Green Field)

100%

Automatic

Pharmaceuticals(Brown Field)

100%

Automatic up to 74%
Above 74% under
Government route

Food products manufactured or produced in India
Trading, including through e-commerce, in respect of food products manufactured or produced in India.

100%

Government

 

Prohibited Sectors 

You must know that FDI in India is prohibited and not allowed to function in the following sectors:

  • Lottery Business, which includes Government/private lottery, online lotteries, etc.
  • Gambling, Betting as well as casinos etc.
  • Chit funds
  • Nidhi company
  • Trading in Transferable Development Rights (TDRs)
  • Real Estate Business
  • Construction of Farm Houses (Real estate business does not include development of townships, construction of residential /commercial premises, roads or bridges )
  • Manufacturing of cigars, cheroots, cigarillos and cigarettes, of tobacco or of tobacco substitutes

Activities/sectors not open to private sector investment e.g. Atomic Energy and Railway operations (other than permitted activities)