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The Various Prominent Sectors for FDI in India

The Various Prominent Sectors for FDI in India

A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an investment that is made by foreign investors in a company that is foreign based company. There are two types of FDI, one is the Green Field Investment, it is a fresh company that is established in a foreign country, while the other is Portfolio Investment, it offers a share of a foreign company that are all purchased or owned and acquired by a foreign company. There are two ways by which you can get your investment approved in India. A major form of getting approval from the automatic route or the RBI route and government route.

When an automatic route is taken it does not require any prior approval by the government of India or by the Reserve Bank of India. Investors are only required to notify and then file the documents in the concerned RBI office.

Types of Foreign Investment

Direct Investment

  • Wholly Owned Subsidiary
  • Joint Venture
  • Acquisition

Portfolio Investment

  • Investment by FII
  • Investment by GDRs, FDRs, FCCBs, etc.

Countries with Highest FDI inflows in India

  • Mauritius with 31.07% share
  • Singapore with 20.72% share
  • Japan with 7.24% share
  • Netherland with 6.76% share
  • USA with 6.21% share
  • Germany with 2.64% share
  • Cyprus with 2.21%
  • France with 1.55%

Some major sectors where FDI is permitted but caps are put on these sectors:


S. No Sector Sectoral Cap/ Route
1. Defence Industry 49% automatic route
2. Civil Aviation 49% FDI (100 percent for NRIs) Automatic
3. Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) 100 % (FDI + FII) – by FIPB if beyond 49%
4. Banking:


74% (FDI + FII) by FIPB  if beyond 49%

20% (FDI + FII) FIPB

5. Broadcasting

(i) FM Radio

(ii) Cable Network

(iii) DTH

26% (FDI + FII) FIPB

49% (FDI + FII) Automatic

74% (FDI + FII) FIPB beyond

49% , 26% (FDI + FII) FIPB

6. Credit Information Companies (CICs) 74% Automatic (FII only 24 %)
7. Insurance 49%; up to 26% automatic and beyond it FIPB
8. Depositories, Clearing Corp 49% (26% FDI + 23% FII) Automatic
9. Petroleum and Natural Gas Refining 49% FDI in case of PSUs Automatic
10. Publishing of Newspapers and Current Affairs News 26%(FDI+FII) FIPB
11. Security Agencies in the Private Sector 49 % FIPB
12. Satellite and Establishment and Operation 74 % FIPB
13. Single Brand Product Retailing 100% subject to sourcing conditions, FIPB beyond 49%
14. Multi Brand Product Retailing 51% FIPB-subject to various conditions
15. Telecom Services 100% FDI – FIPB beyond 49%
16. Pharma Sector (Brownfield) 100 % FIPB except for medical devices
17. Power Exchanges 29% (26 % FDI+23% FII) automatic
18. Railway Infrastructure 100% percent automatic, FDI beyond 49% percent in sensitive areas from a security point of view

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