Foreign direct investment is an important factor that facilitates economic development of a country. An FDI is an investment from an entity residing outside the country where the investment is to be made. It is different from a foreign portfolio investment by the notion of direct control. Foreign investors are given at least 10 per cent voting rights in the day to day functioning of the business.
Apart from being a significant driver of economic growth, foreign direct investment is also an important source of non-debt financial resource for India. FDI investments also bring in new technology, managerial skills, technical know how, and better infrastructure. This is why, the government of India regularly liberalizes FDI norms to attract more and more investments into the country.
Today, India has emerged as an attractive destination for overseas investment thanks to relaxed FDI norms and policies and special investment privileges like tax exemptions. Foreign investors and companies also take advantage of the county’s relatively lower wages.
As per the figures revealed by the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), foreign direct investment equity inflows for the year 2018-19 stood at 44.37 billion dollars.
There are two routes under which one can invest in the country. While the automatic route permits you to invest in the country without seeking an approval from concerned authorities, under the government route a prior approval is needed.
In order to invest in the country, following documents are needed along with a proposal. Please keep in mind that apart from the documents mentioned below, other documents also may be required as per your type of investment.
- List of Names, addresses and identification proof of all foreign collaborators of the Investor Company/Entity.
- from both Investee & Investor Companies/Entities:
- Certificate of Incorporation.
- Memorandum of Association (MOA)
- Board Resolution.
- Audited Financial Statement of Last Financial Year
- Article of Association
- Pre-and Post-investment shareholding pattern of the Investee Company.
- In case of existing ventures, copy of joint venture agreement/shareholders’ agreement/ technology transfer/trademark/brand assignment agreement (as applicable).
- An Affidavit stating that all information provided in hard copy and online is the same and correct.
- Copy of Downstream Intimation.
- Copy of relevant past FIPB/SIA/RBI approvals, connected with the current proposal.
- Relevant Foreign Inward Remittance Certificate (FIRC) in case investment has already flowed in.
- High Court order in case of scheme of arrangement.
- Valuation certificate as approved by a certified Chartered Accountant.